Epilepsy is a neurological condition which affects nerve cell activity in the brain, causing seizures or bouts of unusual behavior to occur. Patients with epilepsy can also experience varying sensations and loss of consciousness. The disorder can result from different conditions which affect a person’s brain, but in some instances, the exact cause is unknown. Possible causes of epilepsy include a stroke, brain tumor, head injury, or infection of the central nervous system.
The seizure symptoms associated with epilepsy tend to vary widely among patients. Typical characteristics of generalized seizures include crying out or making sounds, becoming stiff for a short period, followed by rhythmic arm and leg movements that slow down right before completely stopping. However, others affected with epilepsy merely stare blankly for a few seconds. Loss of urine is also a common symptom among patients, as well as confusion after an episode has occurred. With partial or focal seizures, much like the name implies – only part of the brain is affected. Therefore, some of the symptoms mentioned can present themselves in just one area or side of the patient’s body.
Most patients can become seizure-free through anti-epileptic medication. In order to effectively manage and control epilepsy, it is always best for patients to take medications exactly as prescribed and inform the doctor about any health concerns that may arise, or prior to switching to a generic version or adding over-the-counter and holistic alternatives. If medication doesn’t prove to be effective, surgery and other types of therapies or procedures may be recommended to treat the condition.